Melly Aida, Abdul Muthalib Tahar, Orima Davey, Ecocide in the International Law: Integration Between Environmental Rights and International Crime and Its Implementation in Indonesia, Proceedings of the 3rd Universitas Lampung International Conference on Social Sciences (ULICoSS 2022), Atlantis Press (May 2, 2023)
Environmental damage is a challenge faced in realizing environmental sustainability. Exploitation of the environment that causes the value of the benefits of an environment to be lost is considered a crime that robs people of the rights they enjoy from their existence. Ecocide is defined as a form of crime against the environment by individuals or entities/organizations, which causes massive damage to the environment. The characteristics of ecocides consist of serious, large-scale, and long-term damage that has been regulated in international and national legal settings, but the term ecocide is still struggling to be recognized. The characteristics of these ecocides will be related to climate change which is a relevant discussion among the international community. Climate change is a natural phenomenon that cannot be avoided but the risks can be minimized by increasing the resilience of nature. Natural resilience is closely related to natural quality, so ecocides will become one of the obstacles to efforts to delay the impact of climate change. Indonesia is known as an agricultural country and a maritime country because most Indonesian people’s livelihoods are farmers and fishermen. Therefore, Indonesia is a developing country that is highly dependent on natural resources. If the value of the benefits of an environment is damaged, then the rights that should be enjoyed from the environment are taken away, it will become a prolonged problem in the aspects of health, economy, and aesthetics. Based on these circumstances, efforts to research on ecocides are needed so that policy makers better understand that ecocides are recognized by international law and its application in Indonesia.