History of Ecocide Law

1948 Genocide Convention

1951 First Draft of ICC

1954 Cold war, Vietnam War

1973 Submission of Ecocide Convention to UN

1981 Renewed version of Draft Code of Offences…. etc….

1991  ILC Draft Code of Crimes Against Peace and Security of Mankind – 12 crimes

1995 ILC reduced by 6 crimes

1996 ILC reduces by 2 crimes

1998 120 states adopted Statute in Rome

2002 1st July entry into force of the Rome Statute

2010 Polly’s submission of the definition of Ecocide to the ILC

2016 ICC OTP Paper on Case Selection and Prioritisation

See below for the full historical Ecocide Law timeline.


UNGA Resolution A/RES/94(1) of 11 December 1946 the UN, inspired by the work of the Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals, contributed to an emerging international criminal law by reaffirming the principles of international law recognised by the Charter of the Nuremberg Tribunal and the judgment of the Tribunal, and gave directions to “treat as a matter of primary importance plans for the formulation, in the context of a general codification of offences against the peace and security of mankind, or of an International Criminal Code, of the principles recognised in the Charter of the Nuremberg Tribunal and in the judgment of the Tribunal”


UNGA Resolution A/RES/177 (II) of 21 November 1947 directed to ILC to prepare a Draft Code of offences against the peace and security of mankind
1948 Genocide Convention Takes Place


UNGA Resolution A/RES/260(III)B of 9 December 1948 invited the ILC to “study the desirability and possibility of establishing an international judicial organ for the trial or persons charged with genocide or other crimes over which jurisdiction will be conferred upon that organ by international conventions” and requested the ILC “in carrying out this task, to pay attention to the possibility of establishing a Criminal Chamber of the International Court of Justice”