The Earth is experiencing massive environmental damage which is exacerbating the climate crisis and threatening lives, livelihoods and biodiversity. Some of this destruction falls under existing environmental crimes, but much is “collateral damage” on a large scale caused by corporations in pursuit of profit. An international crime of ecocide could criminalise “unlawful or wanton” acts threatening the most severe environmental harms, thus strengthening and underpinning existing regulatory measures being undertaken globally to protect the environment.  This session looks at the progress of this legal initiative and how it can deter reckless destruction, acting as a guide rail to foster healthier and more sustainable practices.